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Research and Reports

Our work contributes to many academic papers and publications and is referred to in the news and by media outlets. Here is a selection of those reports.

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Changing the Rules of the Game

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Our new research with David Mansfield explores the extent to which the Taliban has concentrated power in the hands of Pashtun fighters and how they have centralised, regulated, and maximised revenues from cross-border value chains in Afghanistan since the August 2021 takeover.


Building on previous research under XCEPT, this research contributes to a growing body of work to help develop a better understanding of the shift in political and economic power in Afghanistan since the Taliban takeover in August 2021.

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